Coke coal charcoal are used for what
Coke:The utility model is mainly used for blast furnace ironmaking and smelting of blast furnace for non-ferrous metals such as copper, lead, zinc, titanium, antimony, mercury, etc.. The use of coke instead of charcoal in the blast furnace has laid the foundation for the large-scale development of modern blast furnaces and is a major milestone in the history of metallurgy. In order to achieve better technical and economic indexes of blast furnace operation, the coke (metallurgical coke) must have proper chemical and physical properties. In addition to a large number of coke used in iron smelting and non-ferrous metal smelting (metallurgical coke), but also for casting, chemical, calcium carbide and iron alloy, the quality requirements are different. Such as foundry coke, generally require large size, low porosity, high fixed carbon and low sulfur; chemical gasification, strict requirements for strength, but requires good response, high ash melting point; calcium carbide and coke production requirements to improve the fixed carbon content.
Coal:The use of coal is very extensive, according to the purpose of its use for three main purposes:(1) power coal,(2) coking coal,(3) coal used in coal chemical industry, which mainly includes gasification coal, coal for low temperature carbonization, hydrogenation of liquefied coal and so on.
Charcoal:1 metallurgical industryIn the past, the charcoal was used to smelt iron ore, and the pig iron was melted by charcoal and coke. The structure and mechanical properties were not the same even if the chemical composition was the same. The charcoal smelting pig iron generally has the fine grain structure, the casting is compact, does not have the crack the characteristic, the pig iron with the charcoal production contains the impurity is few, is suitable for the production high quality steel. Due to the reduction of charcoal, so in the metallurgical industry can be used to restore ore smelting metal.In the non-ferrous metal production, charcoal used for surface flux, non-ferrous metal melting, the surface flux in the molten metal surface protective layer, so that the separation of metals and gases, can reduce the loss of molten metal splash, and can reduce the melting material in gas saturation.A large amount of charcoal is also used to produce crystalline silicon, silicon used charcoal ash production should not contain too much carbon and head.
Manufacture of carburizing agentAll the requirements of the surface with high hardness and wear resistance, and the center has good toughness of all steel products to be carburizing. A carbonaceous mixture used for carburizing of steel products. Simple charcoal carburizing effect is poor. Therefore, commonly used charcoal as raw material, and then add a certain amount of contact agent, made of carburizing agent.