Bearing capacity of angle steel and channel steel
Angle called angle, the steel strip is perpendicular to each other on both sides into the corner. There are equal angles and unequal angles. The two sides of an equal angle steel are equal in width. The specifications are expressed in millimeters of edge width * edge width * edge thickness. Such as "/ 30 x 30 x 3", that is 30 mm width equal angle, edge thickness of 3 mm. Also available models that model is the number of centimeters wide, such as angle 3#. The model does not mean the size of the different edges and sizes of the same model. Therefore, the width, the edge and the thickness of the angle iron should be filled out in the contract and other documents, so as not to be indicated by the model alone. Standard Specification for hot-rolled equal angle iron is 2#-20#. The angle iron can be made up of different force components according to the different structure, and can also be used as the connecting piece between the components. Widely used in a variety of architectural and engineering structures, such as beams, bridges, towers, hoisting and conveying machinery, ships, industrial furnace, reaction tower, container frame and warehouse.Angle steel performance index: the performance test of angle iron is mainly tensile test and bending test. Indicators include yield point, tensile strength, elongation and bending compliance.
Channel steel is a strip of steel with a cross section. Section steel with groove shape.Channel steel is a kind of carbon structural steel used for construction and machinery. It is a complex section steel. Its cross section has a groove shape. Channel steel is mainly used in building structure, curtain wall engineering, mechanical equipment and vehicle manufacturing, etc.. In use, it requires better welding, riveting performance and comprehensive mechanical properties. The raw material steel billet for channel steel is carbon or low alloy steel billets with a carbon content of not more than 0.25%. The finished channel steel is delivered by hot forming, normalizing or hot rolling. The specifications are expressed in millimeters of height (H) * leg width (b) * waist thickness (d), such as 100*48*5.3, which means waist height is 100 mm, leg width is 48 mm, waist thickness is 5.3 mm channel, or 10# channel steel. The same height of the channel, if there are several different leg width and waist thickness, also need to add a, B, C on the right side of the model to distinguish, such as 25#a, 25#b, 25#c and so on.Channel steel is divided into ordinary channel steel and light channel steel. Standard Specification for hot-rolled plain channel steel is 5-40#. Specifications for hot rolled flexible channel steel supplied by supply and demand agreement are 6.5-30#. Channel steel is mainly used for building structures, vehicle manufacturing, other industrial structures and fixed plates, cabinets, etc., and channel steel is often used in conjunction with i-beam.
According to the channel shape and can be divided into 4 kinds: cold bending equilateral channels, cold-formed non equilateral channel steel, cold rolled edge channels, the cold bending edge channels.According to the theory of steel structure, it should be stressed by the channel plate, that is to say, the channel should stand rather than lie prone.