Classification of carpet function
Carpet has rich patterns, gorgeous colors and diversified shapes, which can beautify your decorative environment and reflect your personality. According to the usage, carpets are divided into commercial carpets and artistic carpets.
Common types of carpet surface texture are:
1. Plush carpet
It is the most common kind of cut down carpet. The pile length is 5 ~ 10mm. Broken pile can appear on the carpet surface, flat and uniform.
2. Velvet carpet
The pile length is about 5mm, and the pile on the blanket is dense, producing a swan fluffy effect.
3. Saxony carpet
The pile length is about 15mm. After twisting and heat setting processing, the pile produces an effect similar to optical fiber and has a plump texture.
4. Strong twist carpet
That is, elbow yarn carpet. The twist of pile yarn is large, and the blanket surface has hard touch and strong elasticity. The direction of pile is uncertain, so the blanket surface has a special mood and personality.
5. Long pile carpet
The pile length is more than 25 m, which is thick and long, with thick blanket surface and elegant effect.
6. Flat loop velvet carpet
The pile is in the shape of a circle, the circle height is consistent and neat, which is moderately firm and smooth than the pile cut, and the walking feeling is comfortable.
7. High and low loop pile carpet (including multi-layer high and low loop pile)
The pile loop high-low carpet is produced by the change of the feeding length of the pile yarn. The carpet surface has ups and downs, some form geometric patterns, and the carpet has a three-dimensional feeling.
8. Cut / loop down carpet (including flat cut / loop down carpet)
Generally, the height of the cut pile part of the carpet exceeds the height of the loop pile. When trimming and leveling the cut pile, the loop pile will not be hurt. The two kinds of pile can be mixed to form the geometric pattern of the carpet surface, which has the effect of plain jacquard. The technical content of flat cut / loop carpet is also relatively high.
9. Flat carpet
That is, there is no upright pile on the carpet surface of the carpet, just like the result of a flat carpet. Part of the needled carpet is brushed on the carpet surface with a pricking roller, that is, the texture of the hairy carpet is produced.
The common fiber raw materials for carpet velvet yarn are divided into natural fiber, chemical fiber and blended fiber. Natural fibers include wool, silk, cotton and jute; Chemical fibers include viscose staple fiber, nylon B CF filament and staple fiber, acrylic staple fiber, polypropylene B CF filament and staple fiber and polyester staple fiber; Blends include wool / nylon, wool / viscose, wool / acrylic, wool / polyester and wool / jute.
1. Wool carpet
Wool carpet is mostly made of wool as the main raw material. Its wool is fine and dense, with natural elasticity, and can be quickly restored to its original state after compression; It adopts natural fiber, without static electricity, difficult to dust soil, and has natural flame retardancy. Pure wool carpet has exquisite patterns, elegant color, not easy to age and fade, and has the characteristics of sound absorption, warmth preservation, foot comfort and so on.
In addition, woven wool carpet can be divided into:
A. Pure wool carpet: wool content ≥ 95%;
B. Wool carpet: 80% ≤ wool content < 95%;
C. Wool blended carpet: 20% ≤ wool content < 80%;
D. Blended carpet: wool content < 20%.
2. Chemical fiber carpet
The chemical fiber (synthetic fiber) carpet is made of nylon fiber (nylon), polypropylene fiber (polypropylene fiber), polyacrylonitrile fiber (acrylic fiber), polyester fiber (polyester), set silk, PTT and other chemical fibers as the main raw materials. It is characterized by strong wear resistance and overcomes the shortcomings of pure wool carpet that is easy to corrode and mildew;, However, the flame retardancy and antistatic property are relatively poor. Even carpets produced by the same manufacturing method will produce carpets with different appearance effects due to the use of raw materials, pile form, pile height, hand feel, organization and density.
a) Commercial carpet
Broadly speaking, it refers to all carpets except household and industrial carpets. In China, commercial carpets are only limited to hotels, hotels, office buildings, offices, restaurants and other places. In the United States and western developed countries, in addition to the above places, commercial carpets have been widely used in airport terminals, wharf wave boat hall, station waiting hall, supermarkets, hospitals, schools, nursing homes, nurseries, cinemas and other places, With the economic development and social progress, the use scope of surface carpet will gradually increase and the coverage will be wider.
b) Household carpet
As the name suggests, it is a family carpet. Household carpets still stop on the carpet in China, because a large number of Chinese families are still decorated with wooden floors, while in western developed countries, household carpets are a combination of full paving and block carpets, and China's household carpets have great potential
c) Industrial carpet
From home to abroad, industrial carpets are still only used for decoration of cars, aircraft, passenger ships and trains.
3. Classification according to different raw materials
Pure wool carpet - mostly made of wool.
Chemical fiber carpet - (synthetic fiber) is made of nylon fiber (nylon), polypropylene fiber (polypropylene fiber), polyacrylonitrile fiber (acrylic fiber), polyester fiber (polyester), shaped silk, silk, PTT and other chemical fibers as the main raw materials.
Plastic carpet - made of PVC resin, plasticizer and other auxiliary materials. Generally, what fiber is used to make cashmere yarn is customarily called carpet. For example, when wool is used as cashmere yarn raw material, it is called wool carpet; Carpet with blended yarn as raw material generally contains wool, so it is called wool blended carpet; Nylon carpet is made of nylon.
a) Tufted carpet
The carpet belongs to a major category of mechanically manufactured carpets. It is not interwoven with longitude and latitude, but is made by inserting pile yarn into the carpet base cloth through steel needle, and then holding the city head through glue in the subsequent process. As the carpet has high production efficiency, it is the first choice for hotel decoration.
b) Woven Wilton carpet
The carpet is woven with warp, weft and pile yarn, and then finished by subsequent processes such as gluing and shearing. Because the carpet technology comes from Wilton area of England, it is called Wilton carpet. This loom is a double-layer fabric, so the production efficiency is relatively fast.
c) Woven Axminster carpet
The carpet is also woven by warp, weft and pile yarn, and then finished by subsequent processes such as gluing and shearing. The process used for the carpet comes from akeminster, England. This loom is a single-layer fabric with low machine speed. The carpet weaving efficiency is very low, and its efficiency is only 30% of that of Wilton loom.
According to the use position of carpet, it is divided into floor carpet and wall tapestry or wall carpet.
1. Floor carpet is the most traditional carpet category with the largest consumption. It is mainly used for floor laying in various places, which mainly reflects its use value. It is generally dominated by various colors and patterns, and it is mainly medium and low-end products.
2. Wall tapestries are mainly used for wall decoration and embellishment. They are generally based on landscape paintings and figure paintings in famous traditional paintings. They are mainly hand woven and have high ornamental value. Due to the high cost, they are generally used only by rich families and high-end places. Carpets can be divided into machine-made carpets and hand-made carpets due to different production methods. The machine-made carpet also includes tufted carpet, woven Wilton carpet and woven Axminster carpet.
Art carpet is a carpet for the purpose of appreciation and decoration. It is mainly hung on the wall of the room, also known as tapestry. It is generally made by hand. Excellent artistic carpets are generally carefully designed by artists and carefully compiled by producers. They have artistic appreciation and ideological connotation that ordinary commercial carpets do not have, and have high artistic value and collection value.
Commercial carpet is a carpet produced by industrialization. It is mainly used for building floor laying, such as hotels, hotels, offices, corridors, bedrooms, conference rooms, reception halls, etc. it can also be used in cruise ships, aircraft and other fields. Commercial carpets are generally produced by weaving or spear thorn.